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Micah 5:1-5a

Author: Scott Foutz

Micah 5:1-5a


   Setting: period of the Babylonian seige of Jerusalem.
   Intent: Prophetic summons to the people to lament.
   Marshall your troops: The people of Zion are suffering 
   an attack.
   Israel's ruler (judge) struck: treated shamefully (cf. 1 
    K 22:24; Jb 16:10;
    Ps 3:7; Lm 3:30; 2 K18:17-37; 25:6f, Isa 36:1-22 date)
   Judge: sets the king in scornful contrast. (cf. 4:9)
   As for you: adversative shift, contrast.
   Bethlehem Ephratha: smallest clan of Israel; People & 
   place of David's origin
   Ephratha: David's father a Bethlemite (1S16:1,18) and 
   Ephrathite (1S17:2)
   "small": trifling or insignificant (Ps. 68:27); cf 
   Gideon (Jg6:15), Saul
    (1S9:21) & David (1S16:11).
   For me:
   Origin: such as child from parent
   "ancient times": Amos 9:11 refers to days of david w/ 
    this term (?) =        NIV translates this, "In that day...".
   Abandoned Israel: left in captivity; delay in king's 
   Gives birth: same as Isa 7:14
   Then the rest return: Coordinated coming, returning & 
   end of exile.
v.4: Motifs of the Ideal king of the royal Psalms
   He will stand: (Ps 72:5) The present king is weak and 
   embarrassing; a new
   divinely supported king must come from Beth, not from 
   corrupt (in Micah's eyes) Jerusalem.
   Shepherd: well established term for king in Near east 
   (cf. 5:5;7:14) guidance,
   protection & provision.
   Strength: (cf. Isa 11:2)
   Name's Majesty: (1S2:10) term for disclosure of self.
   They will live securely: (2S7:10) new king ushers in an 
   age of security
   His greatness will reach to ends of earth: (Pss 2:8; 
   72:8; Lk 1:32)


Micah 5:1-5a
  Despite the gravity of the situation or misbehavior of man, God maintains His 

A. Assyria attacks Jerusalem (v.1): 2 Kings 18-19; (ca. 700 B.C.)
   1. Seige is laid
      a. Israel has fallen (722 B.C.): 1 Kings 18:9-12
      b. Jerusalem now under seige by Senacherib: 2 Kings 18:13-16
   2. Lack of leadership
      a. "Ruler": lit. "judge" = contrasted to real judges
      b. Strike on the cheek: shameful treatment
      c. Hezekiah gives away the treasures of the Temple and palace

B. Change of focus from Jerusalem to Bethlehem
   1. Jerusalem has lifted itself up (1:5)
   2. Bethlehem Ephratah
       a. Image:
           1. Insignificant among Judah: (unlisted in Joshua)
           2. Home of Jesse and David (1 Sam 16:1 & 17:12)
       b. promise
           1. Ruler for God will come
           2. Origins from old, from ancient days. ("everlasting")

C. Interim before the Messiah's reign (v.3)
   1. Seperation will occur until "she who is in labor gives birth" (cf Isa 7:14)
   2. Then a full restoration into Israel of apostates (cf remnant)
      a. a number of Israel will be seperated from their people.
      b. Under Messiah, these lost will be restored in full.

D. The Reign of Messiah (v.4-5a)
   1. He will stand to take authority.
   2. He will shepherd God's people: (term for king's guidance, protection, provision)
      a. in the strength of the Lord: (accordance to God's will)
      b. in the majesty of God's Name: (designation of self)
   3. He will bring security through his greatness.

A. God holds out His hands even in the midst of discipline.
B. God continues to use the lowly to humble the proud. (1 Co 1:27)
C. Jesus Christ becomes the basis for today's hopes of security, peace and provision.


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